Lesson 1: Basic Greetings in Daily Life

Dialogue1:

(Alex encounters Hotel clerk Xiǎo Wáng first time in the hallway)

Xiǎo Wáng:你好!(nǐ hǎo!-Hi)

Alex:你好!(nǐ hǎo!-Hi)

Xiǎo Wáng:你好吗?(nǐ hǎo ma?-How are you?)

Alex:我很好,谢谢,你呢?( wǒ hěn hǎo, xièxiè, nǐ ne?-I am fine, thanks ,and you?)

Xiǎo Wáng:我也很好。(wǒ yě hěn hǎo.-I’m fine too)你叫什么( nǐ jiào shénme?- what’s your name?)

Alex:我叫Alex, 你呢?(Wǒ jiào Alex, nǐ ne?-My name is Alex, what’s yours?)

Xiǎo Wáng:我叫小王. 你是哪国人?( Wǒ jiào Xiǎo Wáng, nǐ shì nǎ guórén?-My name is XX, what’s your nationality?)

Alex:我是美国人.( Wǒ shì měiguó rén-I am American.)

Xiǎo Wáng:很高兴认识你.( hěn gāoxìng rènshí nǐ-nice to meet you)

Alex: 我也很高兴认识你.( wǒ yě hěn gāoxìng rènshí nǐ-nice to meet you too)

Xiǎo Wáng:再见(zài jiàn,good-bye)!

Alex:再见(zài jiàn, good-bye)!

 

Dialogue2:

(几天后, Alex旅行回来在酒店门口又遇到小王,a couple of days later, Alex comes back to hotel, and encounters Xiǎo Wáng again at the portal of the hotel.)

Xiǎo Wáng:早(zǎo!-Morning)

Alex:早 (zǎo!-Morning)

Xiǎo Wáng:好久不见, 最近好吗?( hǎo jiǔ bú jiàn , zuì jìn hào ma? – long time no see.

How’ve you been recently?)

Alex: 还好,这些天我参观了国家博物馆、美术馆…,你最近怎么样? (hái hǎo, zhè xiē tiān wǒ cān guān le guó jiā bó wù guǎn 、měi shù guǎn… Nǐ zuì jìn zěnmeyàng? –

Not bad, these days I visited the National Museum, Art Gallery…How are you doing recently?)

Xiǎo Wáng:还可以, 今天你去哪儿?( hái kě yǐ, jīn tiān nǐ qù nǎr ? – So so, where are you going today? )

Alex:我去银行,你呢?(wǒ qù yín háng, nǐ ne ? – I’m going to the bank, and you?)

Xiǎo Wáng:我去上班,回见!( wǒ qù shàng bān ,huí jiàn! – I’m going to work, see you later)

Alex:回见!( huí jiàn! – See you later)


S.+adj.+ma? E.g.你好吗?( nǐ hǎo ma? How are you?)

S.+(ne)? E.g. 你呢? (nǐ ne? what about you?)

S.+( jiào) shén me?   E.g. 你叫什么?( nǐ jiào shén me?,what’s your name?)

S.+ 叫(jiào) …         E.g. 我叫Alex. (Wǒ jiào Alex, my name is Alex.)

S. + 是(shì) 哪国人(nǎ guórén)? E.g. 你是哪国人? (nǐ shì nǎ guórén? What’s your nationality?)

S.+是(shì)country’s name+人(rén). E.g.我是美国人.( Wǒ shì měiguó rén,I’m American)

好久不见 ( hǎo jiǔ bú jiàn , long time no see)

最近好吗?/最近怎么样?(zuì jìn hǎo ma?/zuì jìn zěnmeyàng?,How’ve you been recently?)

还好/还可以(hái hǎo/ hái kě yǐ, not bad)

S.+ 去哪儿(qù nǎr)?E.g.他去哪儿? 他去银行(tā qù nǎ ér ? tā qù yín háng, where is he going? He is going to the bank.)

你 (nǐ, you)

好(hǎo, good/fine)

我 ( wǒ, I)

也 (yě, too)

很(hěn, very)

谢谢(xièxiè, thanks)

叫(jiào, to be called)

哪 (nǎ, which)

国 (guó, country/kingdom)

人(rén, person/people)

美国 ( měiguó, America)

美国人( měiguó rén, American)

高兴(gāoxìng, happy)

认识 (rènshí, to know)

再见(zài jiàn, good-bye)

最近(zuì jìn,recently)

国家博物馆(guó jiā bó wù guǎn, National Museum)

美术馆(měi shù guǎn, Art Gallery)

银行(yín háng, bank)

上班(shàng bān, go to work)

回见(huí jiàn, see you later)

 

Supplementary words:

忙(máng, busy)

累(lèi, tied)

饿(è, hungry)

渴(kě, thirsty)

困(kùn, sleepy)

爸爸(Bàba, Dad)

妈妈(mama, Mom)

哥哥(gēge, elder brother)

姐姐(jiějie, elder sister)

弟弟(dìdi, younger brother)

妹妹(mèimei, younger sister)

家人(jiārén, family member)

朋友(péngyou, friend)

同学(tóngxué, classmate)

老师(lǎoshī, teacher)

英国(Yīngguó, Britain)

法国(fǎguó, France )

意大利(yìdàlì, Italy)

澳大利亚(àodàlìyà, Australia)

加拿大(jiānádà, Canada)

韩国(hánguó, south Korea)

日本(rìběn, Japan)

俄罗斯(èluósī, Russia)

①  Many western countries accept hugs and kisses as a popular form of greeting although a handshake is still the formal way of greeting people. In China, a handshake or a simple and kind salutation is common.

②  And it’s common to use 喂(wéi), rather than 你好(Nǐ hǎo) to answer a call. This is also used in other electronic situations such as testing A/V equipment (as in “hello hello testing”), but not used in face-to-face communication or in writing.


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