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3. Are you able to speak Chinese? 你会说汉语吗?

会 huì

1. Will
会 is a modal word, which occurs before a verb and express the meanings of possibility and ability. This meaning of 会 huì also implies the future time.

e.g
The whole valley will be there.
山谷的村民都会去。
shān gǔ de cūn mín dōu huì qù.

Negation:
won’t, impossible 不会 bú huì

e.g
wǒ bú huì qù tā jiā chī fàn de.
我不会去他家吃饭的。
I won’t go to his home to have a meal.


2. Be able to

Here会 is used to express innate ability or ability based on learning and knowledge.

e.g
Did you get it?
你会说了吗?
nǐ huì shuō le ma?

Exception:
Sometimes we will use 会 as a Verb , meaning as “be acquainted with, to know well”. Then 会 can be added to a noun directly which is “会+ Noun.”

e.g
tā huì hàn yǔ.
他会汉语。
He knows Chinese.

Structure:
S +会+V /N


More:

能 néng expresses physical ability or the unobstructed ability to perform some action.

可以 kě yǐ is sometimes used to express knowledge-based or physical ability. Apart from this usage,the primary use of 可以is to express permission to perform an action.

Chinese saying:
融会贯通 róng huì guàn tōng
to achieve mastery through a comprehensive study of the subject

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